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Home » Tag Archives: table sugar

Tag Archives: table sugar

All about carbohydrates

Carbohydrates (saccharides) are compounds containing carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, and they are produced by photosynthesis. Carbohydrates have key importance in supplying the body with energy: they provide between 50% and 70% of energy intake. The word saccharide comes from Greek, and it means “sugar”. Grape sugar (glucose), fruit sugar (fructose), beet sugar (saccharose), starch, and cellulose are all examples of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates for workout Complex carbohydrates are glucose polymers, which has an essential role in glycogen synthesis (glycogen is a complex carbohydrate which is stored as energy reserve by the liver and muscles). At first, the blood sugar which is derived from foods is utilized. During a long and intensive workout, the body quickly uses up blood sugar, thus it needs to substitute it with sugar stored in the form of glycogen in the liver and muscles. Filling up the liver and muscles with glycogen is not only possible by full meals, but also by simple carbohydrates. Dextrose Glucose – also known as grape sugar– is a monosaccharide, more precisely an aldohexose. It has key importance in biological processes; cells use it as a source of energy and metabolite. In living organisms, only the D enantiomer of glucose can be ...

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