Amino acidsHealth care

Importance of Enzymes in your Body

Enzymes accelerate or in other words catalyze a reaction. Most enzymes are proteins that have been discovered. They are needed for all body functions such as blood, organ fluids, mouth saliva and stomach fluids. These are the most important functions enzymes have. Enzymes have been around for hundreds of years. There are no limits to what enzymes can do. Here is everything you need to now about enzymes in a nutshell.

All Functions Of Enzymes

Tools Of Nature

Example of how this works, enzymes in the stomach ensure that food is cut into tiny particles that can be converted into energy in the body. Natures’ main use is to speed up the biological processes.

Breakdown Your Food

When you eat the enzymes break down your food. This process starts in your mouth. The enzyme that is located in your mouth is called amylase. This attacks all food when it enters the mouth. Soon that food will hit the stomach and intestines. The whole reason we eat food is so that it can be converted into usable energy for your body. Without the enzyme process people would not get the energy they needed for their body to function, making it hard for them to live.

Specific Function

Every enzyme has its own unique function. They describe it as a key to a lock. When the right one fits then the process will begin. They call the key the substrate and the enzyme the lock. You need both the substrate and the enzyme to get the entire process moving. A substrate is a molecule that binds to the enzyme. The enzymes have active sites on them and for the active site to become active it needs to bind with a substrate. It’s kind of like flipping the active switch on once the substrate binds to the enzyme.

Stable and Work In Mild Conditions

Enzymes are very stable molecules. They can work in very low temperature and with a moderate pH value. Enzymes work with the environment and not against it. Enzymes are not living they are just biological molecules. They do not live or die, they just keep working, kind of like your everyday workhorse.

Fully Biodegradable

Whenever you use chemical in a work industry you are always afraid of producing waste to the environment or to nature. Enzymes are part of nature therefore they are fully biodegradable. Nature also has its own set of microorganisms, which easily break down enzymes into single amino acid. Enzymes are the most environmentally friendly solution to most production but people still choose to pollute our environments.

Proteins are the Building Blocks of our body

Every part of you is filled with proteins. Proteins are the building blocks to every living organism.

Enzymes are Proteins

There is two types of enzyme groups in the body. One is called structural proteins and an example of these is collagen, which is the protein in the bones, tendons, and ligaments. The other is called active proteins, which helps with catalyzing reactions in cells. So all enzymes in the body are proteins but all proteins are not enzymes. If a protein can be catalyzed into a biochemical reaction then it is an enzyme.

Consist of long strings of Amino Acids

Enzymes are made up of amino acids. There are only 20 amino acids that can link up in different combinations to create different enzymes. No enzymes are alike. Their structure and function is determined by the way the amino acids are linked together.

Arrangement of Amino Acids Determines Enzyme Function

Enzymes are make up into three dimensional structures that determine their function. This structure is determined by how their amino acids line up and coil together. Every slight change has a huge impact on how the protein works. The enzyme may change depending on how the amino acid sequence is lined up.

Have Active Sites

Only a small part of the enzyme participates in a reaction. That small part is called an active site. The active site participates in biochemical reactions and can be catalyzed. The structure determines the appearance of the active site. Enzymes and active sites fit like a key in a lock.

5-Alpha Reductase Enzyme

5-Alpha Reductase is the most common and most important enzyme used in body functions. 5-alpha reductase is present in steroid metabolism. This means that they help with bile biosynthesis, androgen and estrogen metabolism. It is present in both men and women in their reproductive tracts. So the main role of the 5-alpha reductase enzyme is to mediate testosterone influences in the mens body.

It is present in small amounts in the muscle and helps convert testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Testosterone affects lean body mass, muscle size, muscle strength, and sexual function. DHT when under regulated levels can help increase strength and size in your muscles as well as your performance.

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