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Monthly Archives: August 2014

All about fat burners

fat burners

Fat burners help you lose weight, since they decrease appetite, block fat storage, and speed up fat demolition. Together with a proper diet and regular physical activity, these products increase the pace of a healthy weight loss. L-Carnitine L-carnitine is an amino acid derivative which plays an important role in lipid metabolism. L-carnitine transports fatty acids into the mitochondria where fatty acids are used. The human body contains approximately 20-25 grams of L-carnitine. In the largest amount (19 grams) it is found in the skeletal muscles. The liver contains 0.65 grams of it, the heart 0.22 grams, and the kidney 0.06 grams. In addition to these, it can be found in the nervous system and in the epididymis, too. Among foods, animal source foods contain L-carnitine in the largest quantity. It happens during a multi-step process in the body that amino acids (lysine, methionine), vitamins (Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, niacin), and iron are converted into L-carnitine. With the help of L-carnitine our body is capable of converting fatty acids into energy. But it is also used for treating heart diseases, because it has a beneficial effect on heart function according to studies. It proved to be effective in alleviating the ...

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Fat soluble vitamins

vitamin-a

Vitamin A Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds, that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids, among which beta-carotene is the most important. Vitamin A has multiple functions: it is important for growth and development, for the maintenance of the immune system and good vision. Vitamin A is needed by the retina of the eye in the form of retinal, which combines with protein opsin to form rhodopsin, the light-absorbing molecule necessary for both low-light (scotopic vision) and color vision. Vitamin A also functions in a very different role as retinoic acid (an irreversibly oxidized form of retinol), which is an important hormone-like growth factor for epithelial and other cells. In foods of animal origin, the major form of vitamin A is an ester, primarily retinyl palmitate, which is converted to retinol (chemically an alcohol) in the small intestine. The retinol form functions as a storage form of the vitamin, and can be converted to and from its visually active aldehyde form, retinal. Retinol, the form of vitamin A absorbed when eating animal food sources, is a yellow, fat-soluble substance. Since the pure alcohol form is unstable, the vitamin is found in tissues ...

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Water soluble vitamins

Vitamin C Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid, or simply ascorbate (the anion of ascorbic acid), is an essential nutrient for humans and certain other animal species. Vitamin C refers to a number of vitamers that have vitamin C activity in animals, including ascorbic acid and its salts, and some oxidized forms of the molecule like dehydroascorbic acid. Ascorbate and ascorbic acid are both naturally present in the body when either of these is introduced into cells, since the forms interconvert according to pH. Vitamin C is a cofactor in at least eight enzymatic reactions, including several collagen synthesis reactions that, when dysfunctional, cause the most severe symptoms of scurvy. In animals, these reactions are especially important in wound-healing and in preventing bleeding from capillaries. Ascorbate may also act as an antioxidant against oxidative stress. However, the fact that the enantiomer D-ascorbate (not found in nature) has identical antioxidant activity to L-ascorbate, yet far less vitamin activity, underscores the fact that most of the function of L-ascorbate as a vitamin relies not on its antioxidant properties, but upon enzymic reactions that are stereospecific. “Ascorbate” without the letter for the enantiomeric form is always presumed to be the chemical L-ascorbate. In humans, ...

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Workout support

NO booster

Workout support supplements can make workouts more energetic and more effective let it be muscle building or fat burning. They can improve hypertrophy and nutrient provision in muscles. Nitric Oxide Boosters Nitric oxide is a gas which is produced in the body and plays role in the communication between cells. It is produced by various enzymes via the destruction of arginine amino acids. Thanks to the fact that nitric oxide widens veins, it helps muscles to get nutrients easily and to delay fatigue. Taurine Taurine is a non-proteinogenic amino acid, which is built up from sulfur-containing amino acids (cysteine and methionine) through enzymatic oxidation, according to the needs of the body. For this reason, deficiency diseases are not typical. It has a role in regulating plasma membrane calcium flux, and in the proper function of certain tissues. Similarly to insulin, it helps glucose flux into the cells; consequently, there is a rise in physical performance capacity and a decrease in blood glucose level. It stabilizes the level of various neurotransmitters; it reduces the number of seizures in case of epilepsy. Taurine- and other amino acid content of muscles decrease under constant load, so after a while glucose and calcium cannot ...

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Testosterone and other hormone boosters

testosterone booster

Testosterone boosters Testosterone is the principal male sex hormone. It is responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics (such as the growth of body hair, muscle mass, voice change, libido) from pre-natal stage until puberty. Following this, it supports functions relating to masculine phenotype and androgen (e.g. spermatogenesis, accessory sex glands). It is widely known that increased testosterone level improves performance in sports and it contributes to muscle building and regeneration. Men’s natural testosterone level decreases with aging, as a result of which – beside worsening athletic performance – various problems might come up (such as impotence and low libido). Natural testosterone boosters are usually plant extracts that can enhance the natural testosterone production of the body. Thus they improve athletic performance and help in problems that come with aging. Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris is an annual, dicotyledonous plant in the Caltrop Family. It is known as a herb in folk medicine. In ancient traditional Chinese medicine, it was used for boosting libido and fertility. It was considered a natural aphrodisiac. It has positive effects on the cardiovascular system by reducing cholesterol level. Its beneficial effects can most probably be connected to fatty oils, saponins, and flavonoids which can ...

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Creatine monohydrate

creatine

Creatine monohydate is an amino acid derivative which energizes muscles via attracting water into myocytes through membranes. Its use together with amino acids and proteins might result in outstanding power and an increase in muscle mass. Creatine monohydrate is one of those few dietary supplements which exerts its effect in a spectacular, quick, and safe way. The purpose of supplement is to rise the body’s level of creatine and creatine phosphate (the supplement may indirectly rise the glycogen concentration in human skeletal muscle too), since these play an important role in the regeneration of ATP. In dietary supplements, the monohydrate and phosphate formulas are common, but there are several new formulas whose efficacy is not yet confirmed by experiments. Creatine improves athletic performance significantly in various sports. Its effect is more powerful in repetitive, short-term, high-intensity workouts than in endurance sports. Creatine supplementation has two phases: a loading phase (5 to 7 days) and a maintenance phase. The purpose of the loading is to saturate the muscles with creatine as quickly as possible. During the loading phase, the dosage is 5 grams in 4-5 equal doses per day. 1 dl fluid is recommended per gram in addition to the adequate ...

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Probiotics and liver protection

probiotics

Probiotics Probiotics are dietary supplements which contain beneficial bacteria. The most commonly used is lactic acid bacteria. Since they are capable of transform sugar (including lactose) and carbohydrate to lactic acid, they have long been used in food industry. The most common probiotic bacteria belong to the strain of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Probiotic bacterial cultures help restore gut flora. Since 70% of the immune system can be found in the intestines, the restoration of gut flora is essential for the immune system in order to be able to work properly. Lactobacillus Acidophilus Lactobacillus acidophilus is a species of gram positive bacteria in the genus Lactobacillus. L. acidophilus is a homofermentative, microaerophilic species, fermenting sugars into lactic acid, and grows readily at rather low pH values (below pH 5.0) and has an optimum growth temperature of around 37 °C (99 °F). L.acidophilus occurs naturally in the human and animal gastrointestinal tract and mouth. Some strains of L. acidophilus may be considered to have probiotic characteristics. These strains are commercially used in many dairy products, sometimes together with Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus in the production of acidophilus-type yogurt. Some strains of L. acidophilus have been studied extensively for health ...

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Sleep aids

sleep aid

Peaceful sleeping is an inevitable part of a healthy life. It plays an important role not only in the post workout recovery, but since poor sleep quality has a negative effect on our performance, it also increases the risk of accidents and hinders the effective work of the immune system. Stressful lifestyles often go hand in hand with sleeping disorders as a result of which the quality of life worsens and the risk of health problems increases. These products can help in sleep disruptions that are not very severe. Melatonin Melatonin is a natural hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle. It is produced by the pineal gland which is a tiny gland located behind our eyes. When light passes through the retina, the brain sends a message to the pineal gland to decrease melatonin production, the result of which is waking up. According to studies, melatonin supplements help fall asleep, decrease occasions of waking up during the night, and improve the quality of sleeping. RDA- Manufacturers’ dosing recommendation: daily 1-3mg GABA (gamma-Aminobutyric acid) Gamma-Aminobutyric acid is a mainly inhibitory neurotransmitter in several species, but in humans it is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and in the ...

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Joint support

joint-support

The popularity of joint support products lies in their double effect. They can both ease joint pain and treat damaged joints. They can be used both for prevention and treatment. These products strengthen connective tissues, thus they keep the joints healthy. They provide tendons and ligaments with proper elasticity, so those can efficiently weaken shake and strain caused by intensive workout and repeated exercises. Glucosamine Glucosamine can play a role in sustaining the structure and function of cartilage found in joints. It possibly has an anti-inflammatory effect, too. It is used in therapies of arthrosis and it helps prevent and treat osteoarthritis. It supports cartilage in a way that every single glucosamine helps fill the cartilage with water by binding three water molecules. This is essential, because cartilage does not contain blood vessels so its cells can only get nutriment via water-rich tissues. Glucosamine from an external source makes up the deficiency, supports preteoglycan synthesis and thus slows down or even stops harmful processes in the body of patients with arthrosis. Studies revealed that glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate mutually enhance each other’s effect. Consequently, it is recommended to take 250-300 mg chondroitin three times a day beside glucosamine. RDA- Manufacturers’ ...

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